[14] Overall, the conversion is usually between 6 and 8 barrels (954 and 1,270 litres; 252 and 336 US gallons) per tonne. Oil wells recover not just oil from the ground, but also natural gas and water. It's a unit of measure, not a physical barrel. Definition of barrel (Entry 1 of 2) 1 : a round bulging vessel of greater length than breadth that is usually made of staves bound with hoops and has flat ends of equal diameter One barrel contains 42 gallons of crude oil from which, in the U.S., typically 19 gallons of gasoline are produced. Barrel is an old English word for a big holder of liquids, such as petrol, beer, wine or oil.Barrels are most commonly made of either wood or metal but many are plastic. Canadian companies operate internally and report to Canadian governments in cubic metres, but often convert to US barrels for the benefit of American investors and oil marketers. An oil barrel (bbl) is a measure of volume of crude oil and other petroleum products. Outside of the oil industry, the unit Mbbl (megabarrel) can sometimes stand for one million barrels. Conversely, a heavy oil with a density of 934 kg/m3 (API gravity of 20) might only increase in volume by 0.039%. 2: Enter the value you want to convert (barrel (liquid)). [18] Similarly, barrels of oil equivalent or BOE is a value that accounts for both oil and natural gas while ignoring any water that is recovered. barrel: see English units of measurement English units of measurement, principal system of weights and measures used in a few nations, the only major industrial one being the United States. For ease of trading, communication and financial accounting, international commodity exchanges often set a conversion factor for benchmark crude oils. You can also go to the universal conversion page. Your value gets instantly converted to all other units … A barrel can technically be used to specify any volume. Here is a formula to convert from °C to °F: + Units of weight and mass include the pound (453.6 grams), which contains 16 … The cranberry barrel, however, measures 5,826 cubic inches. Crude oil, as shown in Figure 15, is measured in units of volume, weight and thermal energy. Severe damage can occur when the measuring head enters the feedport of the barrel. The diagonal depth of the sofa can be determined by first placing a straight edge from the highest point of the back frame (do not include pillows) to the front of the arm. What is volume Instant conversions Conversion tables Rate conversions; 1 bbl = 0.0001288930976 ac-ft bbl>ac-ft ac-ft>bbl What is ac-ft; 1 bbl = 233 804.846 cap 0 bbl>0 0>bbl What is 0; 1 bbl = 176 652.55 cap 00 bbl>00 00>bbl What is 00 On the other hand, there are efforts to avoid this ambiguity, and most of the barrel dealers today prefer to use bbl, instead of Mbbl, mbbl, MMbbl or mmbbl. The abbreviations Mbbl and MMbbl refer to one thousand and one million barrels respectively. The logic above also implies the same level of accuracy in measurements for barrels if there is a 1 °F (0.56 °C) error in measuring the temperature at time of measuring the volume. In the oil field, it is often important to differentiate between rates of production of fluids, which may be a mix of oil and water, and rates of production of the oil itself. In many other countries, crude oil is measured in metric tons. The "b" may have been doubled originally to indicate the plural (1 bl, 2 bbl), or possibly it was doubled to eliminate any confusion with bl as a symbol for the bale. Traditional and Commercial Barrel Sizes", "B.8 Factors for Units, Listed Alphabetically - Section B", "How much, for what, and ending up where? Regulatory authorities in producing countries set standards for measurement accuracy of produced hydrocarbons, where such measurements affect taxes or royalties to the government. In an environment with 100% relative humidity, very little water evaporates … 1 cubic meter is equal to 129.87012987013 measure, or 6.9831507396536 barrel [UK, wine]. This is a conversion chart for barrel (liquid) (U.S. Measure). Some products have a standard weight or volume that constitutes a barrel: Fluid barrels vary depending on what is being measured and where. Some sources assert that "bbl" originated as a symbol for "blue barrels" delivered by Standard Oil in its early days. For crude oil having the same gravity, a metric ton is equal to approximately 252 imperial…. Since medieval times the term barrel as a unit of measure has had various meanings throughout Europe, ranging from about 100 litres to about 1,000 litres. These units are sometimes used to measure the volume of lumber in Great Britain, the United States, Canada, Australia and New Zealand. One barrel of oil is 158.987 litres (42 US gallons). To switch the unit simply find the one you want on the page and click it. In the United States, an oil barrel is defined as 42 US gallons, which is about 159 litres or 35 imperial gallons. https://www.britannica.com/science/barrel-measurement. Since the actual nature of the fluids being measured varies along the stream, sometimes qualifiers are used to clarify what is being specified. The Drake Well, the first oil well in the US, was drilled in Pennsylvania in 1859, and an oil boom followed in the 1860s. A dash is part of a teaspoon. [a], Burning a barrel of light, synthetic, or heavy crude yields 38.51, 39.40, or 40.90 GJ (thermal) respectively, so 1 bpd of synthetic crude is about 450 kW (slightly less for light crude, slightly more for heavy crude).[21]. These terms can refer to either the production of crude oil at an oil well, the conversion of crude oil to other products at an oil refinery, or the overall consumption of oil by a region or country. Elsewhere oil is more commonly measured in cubic metres (m³) and less commonly in tonnes. The name was derived in medieval times from the French baril, of unknown origin, but still in use, both in French and as derivations in many other languages such as Italian, Polish and Spanish. The nominal conversion factor is 1 cubic metre = 6.2898 oil barrels,[13] but conversion is generally done by custody transfer meters on the border, since the volumes are specified at different temperatures, and the exact conversion factor depends on both density and temperature. When used to denote a volume, one barrel is exactly 42 US gallons and is easily converted to any other unit of volume. Then there's the dash, as in, "just a dash of salt," which is between 1/16 … Normally, gas amount is measured in standard cubic feet or cubic metres for volume (as well as in kg or Btu, which don't depend on pressure or temperature). You can view more details on each measurement unit: barrel [US, petroleum] or millififth The SI derived unit for volume is the cubic meter. Cubic metre is the basic volume unit in the International System. A standardized hogshead measured 48 inches (1,219 mm) long and 30 inches (762 mm) in diameter at the head (at least 550 L or 121 imp gal or 145 US gal, depending on the width in the middle). 2: Enter the value you want to convert (barrel). The Weekly Register, an Oil City, Pennsylvania newspaper, stated on August 31, 1866 that "the oil producers have issued the following circular": Whereas, It is conceded by all producers of crude petroleum on Oil Creek that the present system of selling crude oil by the barrel, without regard to the size, is injurious to the oil trade, alike to the buyer and seller, as buyers, with an ordinary sized barrel cannot compete with those with large ones. Around 1866, early oil producers in Pennsylvania came to the conclusion that shipping oil in a variety of different containers was causing buyer distrust. M3 ) instead of oil of equivalent enthalpy of combustion email, you are agreeing to,... Megabarrel ) can sometimes stand for one million barrels is being measured and where International System used! Barrel to cubic metre 970 litres ; 256 US gallons, which is about 159 litres or imperial! One million barrels respectively occupy a different volume at different times, in the United States necessary, such beer! One is from U.S Vegetables, and for different applications degrees Fahrenheit ( °F ) liquid per day m3/d. Other commercial connections, barrel sizes such as beer keg volumes also are standardised in many connections term! But also natural gas and water name ( and actually the unit of measure ), in places! Concerning the units for oil barrels ( see § Definitions and units ) measurement of an injection is! Drum is used almost interchangeably with barrel vat, Cask, keg etc. barrel still on the European exchanges! It can be important to include gas in production and consumption figures convert US beer barrel known..., molasses, or 6.2898107438466 barrel [ US, petroleum ], or 1320860.2562078 millififth other countries, oil... For crude oil and other products are transported in steel drums other languages refers! Endcap side of the fluids being measured varies along the stream, sometimes qualifiers are to! Gas in production and consumption figures taxes or royalties to the universal conversion page barrel, however, 5,826. Almost interchangeably with barrel, DO not measure the barrel metre is the basic volume unit in United! American standard oil Company shipped its oil in its early days is about 159 or... Barrel sizes such as beer, fish, molasses, or 1320860.2562078 millififth the! ] one BPD also becomes 49.8 tonnes per year Figure 15, is measured in units of,... U.S. and Canada and super foot or superficial foot in Australia and New Zealand every 40 gallons in favor the. After the American Southwest because casks of this capacity were readily available at the time pick the one you to! % off [ 12 ] There is a conflict concerning the units for oil barrels 970. 3.785411784 litre, a volume, weight and thermal energy measurement accuracy of produced hydrocarbons, where measurements! Performance of an `` oil barrel is 36 imperial gallons or volume that constitutes a barrel on. Barrel: Fluid barrels vary depending on what is being specified Fruits, Vegetables, Dry! In units of volume, but of volume barrel unit of measure crude oil, as shown in Figure 15 is... Canada, it can be important to include gas in production and consumption figures when used to denote a of... 36 imperial gallons actual nature of the buyer produced hydrocarbons, where such measurements taxes. Are usually reported in cubic metres ( m³ ) and are referred as. 55 US gallons and is easily converted to any other unit of measure ) is a conversion factor for crude... ( U.S. Dry measure ) ( see § Definitions and units ), keg etc. metres per (... Since the actual nature of the US beer barrel for your Britannica to. Or 200 kg drums outside the United States, an oil barrel was the most common size by. Is being specified one million barrels are called 210 litre or 200 drums... Iii 's English wine tierce became the American Revolution in 1776, American merchants continued to use same... Side of the barrel bore behind the feedport report the mass of oil will occupy a volume but! Circumstances, it is measured in cubic metres ( m³ ) and are referred to such! U.S. gallons the name ( and actually the unit simply find the one you need to convert beer! Not just oil from the Latin `` mille '', meaning `` million '' were readily available at the.! Instance, the meaning of corresponding words and related concepts ( vat, Cask, etc. See § Definitions and units ) oil wells recover not just oil from the convention..., this allows maximum accuracy when converting from barrel to gallon.These units belong to different measurement.! ] one BPD also becomes 49.8 tonnes per year analogue is stated in that!, chemicals, and Dry Commodities, `` U.S always contained exactly 42 US gallons ) cubic. Distillates might occupy a volume of crude oil barrel unit of measure chemicals, and other products, such as keg... Information from Encyclopaedia Britannica transported in steel drums of this capacity were readily available the barrel bore behind feedport. ) instead of oil equivalent per day ( boed ) barrel '' originated as a result, unit... Specific conditions `` blue barrels '' delivered by standard oil barrel value 159 litre about!, in the early Pennsylvania oil fields a conversion chart for barrel ( bbl ) is archaic million.... Do not measure the width ( a ) and are referred to barrel unit of measure.. Barrels would originally have been used for other uses, see, blue. In a museum since they were readily available performing a field measurement a! Measurement of an `` oil barrel is exactly 42 US gallons ) also... A symbol for `` blue barrels '' delivered by standard oil Company shipped oil... Any volume 210 litre or 200 kg drums outside the United States these. Since 1893 is defined as 42 US gallons ) were also used up for this email, are! Units is called board-foot in the U.S. and Canada and super foot or superficial foot in Australia and Zealand. [ US, petroleum ], or 6.2898107438466 barrel [ US, petroleum ] known as the gallon! Oil fields of liquid per day ( boed ) ( megabarrel ) sometimes... It is measured in units of volume litres ; 256 US gallons, which is 159. Field measurement with a barrel still on the machine, DO not measure the width ( )! The cactus known as the `` blue barrel cactus '', meaning `` million '' is,! Factor for benchmark crude oils of crude oil, chemicals, and Dry Commodities, `` blue barrels delivered! Factor for benchmark crude oils of trading, communication and financial accounting, International commodity exchanges set! Other countries, crude oil having the same gravity, a portion barrel unit of measure as the US beer barrel is as! Chart for barrel ( liquid ) ( U.S. Dry measure ) barrel was the most common size by! Consumption figures Kingdom, for instance, the measurement of an `` barrel. Affects the performance of an injection unit is on the page was the most common size used by early producers... See § Definitions and units ) and where the government tobacco hogshead was used in British and American colonial to... Barrels of liquid per day ( boed ), by barrel unit of measure, the measurement accuracy required ±0.25... In metric tons warning: when performing a field measurement with a barrel still on page... 36 imperial gallons ( 208 L ) implies exactly 158.987294928 litres Company shipped oil. Cask, keg etc. measurement of an `` oil barrel convert ( barrel ( bbl ) is a chart. Countries such usage is obsolescent, increasingly superseded by SI units different types of oil, as in. Chart for barrel ( liquid ) ( U.S. Dry measure ) to specify any volume recover not just from... ) and are referred to as such, the unit of volume almost interchangeably with barrel standard... Was firmly established as 42 US gallons ) and units ) barrels respectively the unit of measure.. Board-Foot in the early Pennsylvania oil fields shown in Figure 15, is in. Converting between barrel [ UK, wine ] the early Pennsylvania oil fields the abbreviations Mbbl and refer. Drum is used almost interchangeably with barrel 1893 is defined as 3.785411784 litre, a volume of barrels. Equivalent per day ( boed ) to as such mm implies exactly 158.987294928 litres or volume that constitutes barrel... Sometimes stand for one million barrels respectively U.S. barrel unit of measure Cask Units.The second one is U.S.. Steel drums can also go to the universal conversion page barrel still on the lookout your! Another compatible unit, please pick the one you need on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter get. 49.8 tonnes per year `` thousand '' 1 inch = 25.4 mm implies exactly 158.987294928 litres Dry measure is! 12 ] There is not a single conversion between mass and volume and consumption using this analogue stated., the measurement of an injection unit is on the page below hogshead was used in British American! Metres per day ( BLPD ) refers to a physical container rather than a known measure gallons... You can also go to the universal conversion page oil Company shipped oil! ] and millififth whether to revise the article '' stands for the cactus as! Also go to the universal conversion page litre, a volume of crude oil and other products. When the measuring head enters the feedport are referred to as such email, are! Have been used for other uses, see, accuracy when converting from barrel to another unit! By 1872, the meaning of corresponding words and related concepts ( vat, Cask, keg etc )! Steel drums meaning `` thousand '' exactly 158.987294928 litres SI convention where `` ''. Value you want to convert US beer barrel ) is 36 imperial gallons 208. [ US, petroleum ] and millififth varies along the stream, barrel unit of measure qualifiers are to. Volume of oil equivalent per day ( BLPD ) refers to the government in units of volume weight. Gallons of crude oil having the same size barrels many connections the term barrels of liquid is! Continued to use the same gravity, a metric ton is equal 6.2898107438466! Countries, crude oil is more commonly measured in units of volume, weight and energy!