May: The Katyn Forest massacre of 22,000 Polish military officers and intelligentsia was conducted in Russia by the Soviet Union. Jennifer Rosenberg is a historian and writer who specializes in 20th-century history. Saving Lives, Protecting People, David J. Sencer CDC Museum: In Association with the Smithsonian Institution, NIOSH/OSHA Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards, The National Center for Health Statistics, Metropolitan Atlanta Congenital Defects Program, Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices, Gamma Globulin in the Prophylaxis of Poliomyelitis, The Epidemic Intelligence Service (EIS) is established, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, CLIMATE & HEALTH: A Decade of Preparing Communities, Hidden History – Stories from the Collection, U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, Investigates health effects related to the Three-Mile Island nuclear incident, CDC assumes lead responsibility in the U.S. Public Health Service for environmental emergency response, Last recorded wild case of polio in the United States, CDC holds the first international conference on, An expanded maximum containment laboratory (hot lab) is opened to handle viruses that are too dangerous to handle in ordinary laboratories, First national health objectives for 1990 established by CDC, Receives the report of the last case of naturally-acquired variola minor, the milder strain of the variola virus that causes, CDC diagnoses two recruits at Fort Dix, New Jersey with, National Clearinghouse for Smoking and Health (precursor to the, Epidemiologists investigate a deadly outbreak of a respiratory disease among attendees at a Philadelphia, Pennsylvania convention, CDC sends disease detectives to investigate two large outbreaks of an unknown deadly hemorrhagic fever in Zaire and Sudan, a disease later known as Ebola, Environmental Services Division analyzes blood samples collected through NHANES to demonstrate that the level of lead in blood is related to exposure to gasoline. Choose a decade to start, scroll down to read more. From this research the Cholesterol Standardization Program is developed, Asian flu pandemic emerges in Hong Kong with millions of cases and thousands of deaths. Historical Events in the 1940s Timeline created by amiraandsydney. May 15: Joe DiMaggio began his 56-game hitting streak, which would end on July 17, with a batting average of .408, 15 home runs, and 55 RBIs. 1940-1949. A ceremony in Niamey, the Republic of Niger, is held to celebrate the 100 millionth smallpox vaccination given in Africa, CDC investigates an unidentified, highly infectious respiratory disease in Pontiac, Michigan (later identified as, Responds to its first major initiative in famine relief within Nigeria during the Biafran war, assisting local health officials in conducting nutrition and disease assessments, NCDC (National Communicable Disease Center) becomes a bureau within the U. S. Public Health Service, A tuberculosis surveillance system begins within the United States, Communicable Disease Center is renamed National Communicable Disease Center (NCDC) and the title of Chief of the Center is changed to CDC Director, CDC announces a national measles eradication campaign at the American Public Health Association meeting, The International Malaria Eradication Program is turned over to CDC from the Agency for International Development (AID), Global Smallpox eradication effort launched, New surveillance systems added to the original National Surveillance Program of 1952 include measles, shigellosis, tetanus, and trichinosis, A four-week smallpox campaign launches in Anapa, Brazil to demonstrate and evaluate the jet injector equipment in field operations under a variety of conditions, The special Interagency Committee on Back Contamination (ICBC) is created to determine how to protect Earth from moon contamination, The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) approaches CDC for help to ensure that germs from Earth do not get transported into space, CDC holds first meeting of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (, Hospital Infections Unit is established as part of epidemiology program, First jet injector studies with smallpox vaccine are conducted in the country of Tonga, First Surgeon General’s Report on Smoking and Health, All state health departments, the Food and Drug Administration, and the Department of Agriculture join CDC in establishing the, The Audiovisual Training Branch changes its name to National Medical Audiovisual Facility, establishing it as the central audiovisual facility for the U. S. Public Health Service (renamed National Medical Audiovisual Center and administratively transferred to the National Library of Medicine in 1967). The 1940s were a tumultuous decade for the whole world. Please continue to check our website and social media accounts for additional updates. President Franklin Roosevelt is elected to a fourth term. Their vaccine uses fertilized chicken eggs in a method that is still used to produce most flu vaccines today. First EIS investigation for chronic disease (leukemia cluster), An investigation into a cancer cluster in Niles, Illinois expands CDC reach into chronic diseases, Tuberculosis Program transfers from the U. S. Public Health Service to CDC. February 4–11: The leaders of the United States (President Franklin Roosevelt), the United Kingdom (Prime Minister Winston Churchill) and the Soviet Union (premier Josef Stalin) met to decide the post-war fate of Germany and Europe, at the Yalta Conference. The United States was drawn into World War II with the Japanese bombing of Pearl Harbor in December 1941 and was then involved in both the European and Pacific theaters until peace came in May 1945 in Europe and August of that year in the Pacific. But as Europe collapsed into conflict in 1939, the United States began to escape the effects of the Great Depression (1930–39). The world was headed toward rearmament and warfare in the early to mid-1940s, and the movie industry, like every other aspect of life, responded to the national war effort by making movies, producing many war-time favorites, and having stars (and film industry employees) enlist or report for duty. June: U.S. Secretary of State George Marshall gave a paper at Harvard in which he spoke of an urgent need to help Europe rebuild and later that year, the Marshall Plan doing just that took effect. Subcategories This category has the following 10 subcategories, out of 10 total. Concise Illustrated History of 1940s Fashion and Style for Women. In 1938, the March of Dimes was founded to fund the effort to find a vaccine. Like other schools, Nebraska fields some rag-tag teams during the war years. What happened to the 1940s? //APUSH Vanshaj Johar Sushant Vema Kevin Xu Bilal Godil Mohammad Rahhal Justin Lee. Family group, possibly West Kerry Everyone collectively breathed a sigh of relief. The 1940s Government, Politics, and Law: Overview. July 8: French resistance leader Jean Pierre Moulin is said to have died on a train near Metz and headed to Germany after being tortured by the Nazis. The Second World War dominated the 1940s and no city was more susceptible to its effects than London. 5 Jan Leslie Hore-Belisha, Britain’s Minister of War, is dismissed. Those born after the 40s tend to assume that life must have been seen in black-and-white then because most photographs from that time don’t show any color. Britain's Royal Air Force was ultimately victorious in its defense of the U.K. July 27: Warner Brothers' signature cartoon rabbit Bugs Bunny debuts in "A Wild Hare," co-starring Elmer Fudd. Trotsky assassinated in Mexico (Aug. 20). The Venereal Disease Division is transferred from the U.S. Public Health Service to CDC, bringing two important innovations to CDC’s activities: a grant program and a new kind of employee, The first practical use for the fluorescent antibody technique is utilized in CDC laboratories to research communicable diseases of bacterial origin, During the National Polio Immunization Program, EIS officers trace 260 polio cases to improper vaccine production methods. September 8: The Nazis began a prolonged military blockade known as the Siege of Leningrad, which would not end until 1944. Sometime in 1947, the first of the Dead Sea Scrolls, a collection of ancient Hebrew and Aramaic documents stored in caves on the northwestern shore of the Dead Sea, were discovered. People born in the early 1940s were already in their late 20’s when the hippie movement got into full swing, but some may have been beatniks, the predecessor to the late 60’s hippie. The Tuberculosis laboratory is already in Atlanta at Lawson General Hospital, having moved there several years earlier, Opens new permanent headquarters buildings in Atlanta, Georgia. It was refueled in the air four times. While officially sanctioned or not, as a rule, African-Americans did not enjoy the … In History. Timetoast's free timeline maker lets you create timelines online. He managed America's involvement in the war so that the United States could replace Britain in world affairs after 1945. The Second World War dominated the 1940s and no city was more susceptible to its effects than London. May: The Germans opened the Auschwitz concentration camp, where at least 1.1 million people would be killed. Marvel Comics introduces Captain America in March 1941. Period: Sep 1, 1939 to Dec 30, 1945. Due to ongoing concerns about the novel coronavirus (COVID-19), the David J. Sencer CDC Museum is closed to the public and will remain closed as we continue to assess and monitor developments. His vice president Harry S. Truman took office. May 24: The British battle-cruiser HMS Hood was sunk by the Bismarck during the Battle of Denmark Strait; the Royal Navy sunk the Bismarck three days later. Like everything else, music in the 1940s was centered around the World War II. Farmers faced new challenges brought on by the war, students at Indiana University saw many of … War World II The nations were organized into two opposing military alliances, Allies and the Axis. 1940 Hitler invades Norway, Denmark (April 9), the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg (May 10), and France (May 12). War World II The nations were organized into two opposing military alliances, Allies and the Axis. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website. May 19: Chinese leader Ho Chi Minh founded the Communist Viet Minh in Vietnam, an event that was to lead to yet another war for the U.S. years later. The first year of the 1940s was filled with war-related news. It derived most directly from the rhythm and blues music of the 1940s, which itself developed from earlier blues, boogie woogie, jazz and swing music, and was also influenced by gospel, country and western, and traditional folk music. The 1940s Business and the Economy: OverviewAt the end of the 1930s, the American economy was still struggling with unemployment, militant labor unions, and a lack of demand for goods. June 24: After the Soviet Union blocked Western Allies' routes into sections of Berlin in the Berlin Blockade, the U.S. and British organized the Berlin Airlift to bring supplies to West Berlin. The 1940s values and culture created a good work ethic and sense of positive national egocentrism. What Happened in 1940 History. August 23: The Battle of Stalingrad began, the largest confrontation of Germany and its allies against the Soviet Union in an attempt to gain control of the city. 1940s News Headlines To great fanfare, Winston Churchill becomes the leader of Great Britain in 1940. 1940s. Introduction 1.1940s Fashion Trends … He was never seen again. Bob Hope was also a huge star in the 1940s, frequently entertaining the troops overseas. This time line consists of local, national, and international events relevant to the Canadian experience. October 8: Inventor Percy Spencer filed the first of what would be 150 patents for the Microwave oven, to be made available to the public as the Radarange. January 17: Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg, who saved tens of thousands of Jews in Nazi-occupied Hungary, disappeared in Budapest after being called to Soviet military commander Rodion Malinovsky's headquarters in Debrecen. While allowing an African-Americans to play baseball may not seem controversial now, it’s important to remember that much of America employed some form of segregation in the 1940s. 5th January » FM broadcasting e.g FM radio is demonstrated to the Federal Communications Commission for the first time. It serves to contextualize the growth and evolution of VIU. World War II ended in Europe and the Pacific in 1945, and those two events dominated this year. There are several different ways to refer to decades -- "the seventies", "the 1970s", and so on. Timelineicon. Canadian-American biochemist Martin Kamen discovered carbon-14, an isotope of carbon later used to date archaeological object 1940-1945 Camp Nanaimo, an army training camp was in operation at the site of present-day VIU from 1940-1945. Let’s travel back to the 1940s. 1940 April 1, 1940 - The 1940 census indicates a United States population of 132,164,569. It proved immensely popular, with several advantages over the fountain pen—a smooth ball bearing instead of a scratchy nib, and an instant-drying ink that only had to be refilled once every six months. In 1940 or late 1939, the Nazis began "Operation T4," the first mass killings of Germans and Austrians with disabilities, most by large-scale poison gas operations. May 14: After years of experimentation and investment, stockings made of nylon rather than silk hit the market because silk was needed for the war effort. You will be subject to the destination website's privacy policy when you follow the link. All CDC Museum tours are canceled until further notice. 7th January » Winter War: The Finnish 9th Division Battle of Raate Road named stops and completely destroys the overwhelming Soviet forces on the Raate-Suomussalmi road. The United States emerged as a world leader during the 1940s. Naturally, World War II had a lot to do with many of the inventions, which then found uses in daily life after the war. June 13: The first V-1 flying bomb attack was carried out on the city of London, one of two Vergeltungswaffen (retaliatory weapons) used in the campaign against Britain in 1944 and 1945. How to make a timeline? 1940s Movies: Hollywood Goes To War » Instead of facing shortages like most people, the movie industry in the 1940s was well supported by the government thanks to its morale boosting qualities. December 26: Las Vegas began its transformation into the gambling capital of the U.S. with the opening of the Flamingo Hotel. Make educational timelines or create a timeline for your company website. This program alone resulted in the murder of an estimated 275,000 persons by war's end. The decade opened with the Battle of Britain and the Blitz of 1940-41, during which time Londoners experienced aerial bombing whose severe consequences were felt throughout the city. October 13: One month after surrendering to Allied forces, the government of Italy under Pietro Badoglio joined the Allies and declared war on Germany. CDC twenty four seven. With the onset of the Cold War, segregation and inequality within the U.S. were brought into focus on … Period: Sep 1, 1939 to Dec 30, 1945. November: The Slinky toy was demonstrated at Gimbel's department store in Philadelphia. Timeline 1940s. The drinking age was still 18, so young adults could drink as soon as they could vote. President Franklin D. Roosevelt knew that World War II (1939–45) would bring an end to the British Empire and reduce British influence. July 13: The first printed T-shirt worn in a photograph appeared on the cover of Life magazine, a man brandishing an Air Corps Gunnery School logo. Concise Illustrated History of 1940s Fashion and Style for Women. Thus, white northerners viewed African-Americans as unfamiliar at best and often, as undesirable. Americans had great pride in their work and country. February 19: President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed an Executive Order commanding the relocation of Japanese Americans families from their homes and businesses to internment camps. As a result, CDC establishes the, Inactivated polio vaccine licensed; “Cutter incident” investigated, CDC gains worldwide recognition for the quality and quantity of its contributions to the taxonomy of the Enterobacteriaceae, a family of germs that are difficult to treat because of their resistance to antibiotics, National Rabies Control Activities Unit is established, providing a coordinated program for all aspects of the disease, The Communicable Disease Center National Surveillance Program is developed to maintain constant vigilance over communicable diseases to respond immediately when an outbreak occurs, Twenty EIS officers collaborate in the National Program for the Evaluation of, The U.S. Public Health Service becomes part of the newly-created Cabinet-level Department of Health, Education and Welfare after the Federal Security Agency is dissolved, First EIS investigations on environmental exposure (trichloroethylene and occupational exposure (anthrax), The Epidemic Intelligence Service participates in 205 outbreaks; most common are infectious hepatitis, poliomyelitis, histoplasmosis, gastroenteritis, encephalitis, typhoid fever, leptospirosis and influenza, Reorganization of CDC reduces the number of branches into five well-defined spheres of activity: Epidemiology, Training, Technology, Laboratory, and Administrative, A team of CDC physicians, engineers, and entomologists is sent to Southeast Asia to assist in developing, CDC begins to withdraw from active participation in the operational phases of the National Malaria Eradication Program and discontinues the Malaria Control Residual Spray Program, shifting interest to surveillance, supporting training programs, consultation and research studies with the states, A committee on air-borne disease studies is established, with emphasis on sampling techniques and devices adaptable to biological warfare defense, CDC’s Reference Diagnostic Service Center becomes available to all public health laboratories.